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The Alenia Aermacchi M-346 Master is a military twin-engine transonic trainer aircraft. Originally co-developed with Yakovlev as the Yak/AEM-130, the partnership was dissolved in 2000 and Alenia Aermacchi proceeded to separately develop the M-346 Master, while Yakolev continued work on the Yakovlev Yak-130. The first flight of the M-346 was performed in 2004. The type is currently operated by the air forces of Italy, Israel, Singapore, and Poland. Since 2016 the manufacturer became Leonardo-Finmeccanica as Alenia Aermacchi merged into the new Finmeccanica, finally rebranded as Leonardo in 2017.


M-346 Designation for the basic type
T-346A Italian military designation from 2012 for the M-346.
M-346LCA (Light Combat Aircraft) Armed variant offered to Poland as a replacement for aging Su-22.
M-346FT (Fighter Trainer) Multirole variant capable of switching between training and combat operations. New features include a new tactical datalink system and different armament capability, but do not include physical changes to the hardware.[
M-346FA (Fighter Attack) Multirole variant capable of air-to-air and air-to-surface combat with a 2 tonne payload spread over 7 hardpoints, advanced Grifo-346 radar, countermeasures and stealth features including engine intake grids and radar-absorbing coatings on the canopy and wing leading edge. It is being marketed as a light attack aircraft also suitable for aggressor training purposes. The aircraft was revealed on June 18, 2017 in a static display at that year's Paris Air Show. The aircraft is being marketed for export to South American and East Asian countries, and is claimed to be able to carry out operational missions at far lower costs than those of front-line fighters.
T-100 Designation used for the United States Air Force's T-X program.

General characteristics

  • Crew: two, student and instructor
  • Length: 11.49 m (37.70 ft)
  • Wingspan: 9.72 m (31.89 ft)
  • Height: 4.76 m (16.11 ft)
  • Wing area: 23.52 m2 (253.2 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 4,610 kg (10,165 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 6,700 kg (14,770 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 9,500 kg (20,945 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Honeywell F124-GA-200 , 28 kN (6,250 lbf) each


  • Never exceed speed: Mach 1.2 (1,470 km/h, 793 knots)
  • Maximum speed: 1,059 km/h (572 knots)
  • Stall speed: 176 km/h (95 knots)
  • Range: 1,981 km (1,070 nautical miles)
  • Ferry range: 2,722 km (1,470 nmi) ; with 3 external drop tanks
  • Endurance: 2.75 hours (4 hours with external drop tanks)
  • Service ceiling: 13,716 m (45,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 6,705 m/min (22,000 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 285 kg/m2 (58.3 lb/ft2)
  • Thrust/weight: 0.84
Photos credits: Spot'Air

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