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AERMACCHI MB-339
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EN

The Aermacchi MB-339 is a military jet trainer and light attack aircraft designed and manufactured by Italian aviation company Aermacchi.
The MB-339 was developed during the 1970s in response to an Italian Air Force requirement that sought a replacement for the service's existing fleet of Aermacchi MB-326. Its design was derived from that of the MB-326, rather than a new design, and thus the two aircraft share considerable similarities in terms of their design. Aermacchi had found that the MB-339 was capable of satisfying all of the specified requirements while being the most affordable option available. The maiden flight of the MB-339 took place on 12 August 1976; the first production aircraft were delivered two years later.
Roughly half of all MB-339s have been induced into the Italian Air Force, while the remainder have been sold to various export customers. As well as being used for training, the type is also flown by the Frecce Tricolori aerobatic display team. The type has been used in combat by both the Eritrean Air Force during the Eritrean–Ethiopian War of 1998-2000 and the Argentine Naval Aviation during in the Falklands War of 1982. In both conflicts, the MB-339 was typically flown as an attack aircraft. In Italian service, the aircraft is intended to be replaced by the newer Aermacchi M-345.

General characteristics


First flight: 12 august 1976
Introduction: 1980
Length: 11,24 m (36 ft 90 in)
Wingspan: 11,22 m (36 ft 80 in)
Height: 3,94 m (12 ft 90 in)
Wing area: 19,30 m2 (207 ft2)
Empty weight: 3 335 kg (7 352 lb)
Maximum weight: 6 350 kg (14 000 lb)
Powerplant: Rolls-Royce Viper 632-4 (Turboreactor)
Maximum speed: 756 km/h (470mph)
Range: 1 800 km (1 118 mi)
Service ceiling: 13 716 m (45 000 ft)
Rate of climb: 1 630 m/min (5 350 ft/min)


FR

L'Aermacchi MB-339 est un avion biplace d'entraînement militaire italien, conçu dans les années 1970 pour remplacer le MB-326.
C'est un avion destiné à l'acrobatie aérienne, l' attaque au sol, calibration, entraînement
Il à été vendu dans plus de 10 pays à travers le monde
La patrouille Italienne Frecce Tricolori vole sur des MB-339A qui sont la version de série de base, destinée à l'entraînement, ils sont modifiés PAN pour équiper la patrouille acrobatique, le sigle PAN signifiant Pattuglia Aerobatica Nazionale (Patrouille acrobatique nationale) : montage d’un générateur de fumée, suppression des réservoirs en bout d’aile pour faciliter le vol en formation serrée. Les Frecce Tricolori utilisent cet avion depuis 1982.

Caractéristiques techniques

Premier vol : 12 août 1976
Mise en service : 1980
Moteur : Rolls-Royce Viper 632-43
Type : turboréacteur
Longueur : 11,24 m
Envergure : 11,22 m
Hauteur : 3,94
Aire alaire : 19,30 m2
Masse à vide : 3 335 kg
Masse maximale : 6 350 kg
Vitesse max : 756 km/h
Plafond : 13 716 m
Vitesse ascensionnelle : 1 630 m/min
Rayon d’action : 1 800 km

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