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CHANCE VOUGHT F4U CORSAIR
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The Vought F4U Corsair is an American fighter aircraft that saw service primarily in World War II and the Korean War.
Designed and initially manufactured by Chance Vought, the Corsair was soon in great demand; additional production contracts were given to Goodyear, whose Corsairs were designated FG, and Brewster, designated F3A.
The Corsair was designed and operated as a carrier-based aircraft, and entered service in large numbers with the U.S. Navy in late 1944 and early 1945. It quickly became one of the most capable carrier-based fighter-bombers of World War II. Some Japanese pilots regarded it as the most formidable American fighter of World War II, and its naval aviators achieved an 11:1 kill ratio. Yet early problems with carrier landings and logistics allowed it to be eclipsed as the dominant carrier-based fighter by the Grumman F6F Hellcat, powered by the same Double Wasp engine first flown on the Corsair's first prototype in 1940.
Instead, the Corsair came to and retained prominence in its area of greatest deployment: land-based use by the U.S. Marines.
The Corsair served almost exclusively as a fighter-bomber throughout the Korean War and during the French colonial wars in Indochina and Algeria. In addition to its use by the U.S. and British, the Corsair was also used by the Royal New Zealand Air Force, French Naval Aviation, and other air forces until the 1960s.
From the first prototype delivery to the U.S. Navy in 1940, to final delivery in 1953 to the French, 12,571 F4U Corsairs were manufactured in 16 separate models. Its 1942–53 production run was the longest of any U.S. piston-engined fighter.

General characteristics

Wingspan: 41'
Length: 33'8''
Height: 14'9''
Weight: 15,200 Ibs
Range: 1005 mi
Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney R-2800-18W radial engine, 2,380 hp (1,770 kW)
Maximum speed: 446 mph
Range: 1983 mi
Ceiling: 41,000'
Mission: Fighter
Arnament: (6) .50 caliber machine guns with 2,400 rounds (8) 5" HVAR (high velocity aircraft rockets) (2) 1,000 lbs bombs or Napalm or 15" Tiny Tim rockets
Crew: 1 pilot


FR

Le Chance Vought F4U Corsair est un avion militaire américain, utilisé lors de la Seconde Guerre mondiale et jusqu'en 1968.
Il est l'un des appareils les plus connus de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, notamment grâce à la série télévisée Les Têtes brûlées, laquelle a popularisé sa silhouette trapue et son aile en W (aile en mouette inversée) qui rendent le Corsair presque immédiatement reconnaissable. Il s'illustra essentiellement dans le Pacifique, servant à la fois au sein de l'US Navy et de l'US Marine Corps.
Avions "officiel" du Connecticut
Le 17 mai 2005, un décret du gouverneur Jodi Rell de l'État du Connecticut a nommé le Corsair avion officiel de cet État. Le 29 mai, date de son premier vol, a été déclaré Jour du Corsair ; il faut préciser que le Connecticut est intimement lié à cet avion, qui fut le seul grand appareil de combat américain à avoir été conçu dans un seul et unique État.

Caractéristiques techniques 

Envergure : 12,49 m
Longueur : 10,16  m
Hauteur : 4,60  m
Surface alaire : 29,17  m²
Masse à vide : 3 950  kg
Masse avec armement : 5 460 kg
Vitesse de croisière :   km/h
Vitesse maximale :685 km/h (Mach 0,55) 
Plafond : 11 300 m 
Rayon d'action : 1 630  km

Moteur : 1 x Pratt & Whitney R-2800-8 Double Wasp 
Type : Moteur en étoile
Puissance unitaire : 2 000 ch ( 1 471 kW)

Photos credits: Spot'Air

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